Several days later, Steve says, Lauren sent him an e-mail saying “good words.” But he says he wasn’t fooled. Votes: 268 He’s said to have had a transformative experience that led him to abandon his long-held plans to attend the West Point Military Academy and enroll at Bob Jones University in Cleveland Tennessee, a non-denominational Christian school which, in 1983, had its tax exemption revoked because the IRS said it practiced racial discrimination. We treat your home like it was our own with careful, quality work on your clogged drains and leaky pipes. Things have changed in the WBC under Drain, and not for the better. And that suggestion—that a group of people famed for spewing vitriol and hatred in the name of God should be kinder to one another—was apparently what led to Phelps’ excommunication. All that can be hoped for is as few people in the future as possible are hurt by Drain and the WBC's future actions until this vile cult finally collapses under the weight of its own evil and hypocrisy. 19-giu-2018 - 1. It is a hate group masquerading as a church. Phelps often clarified that the Westboro Baptist Church did not have a specific denomination, but was led under Primitive, or Old School, Baptist beliefs. Nate Phelps doesn’t buy it. Drain, Lauren writes, dropped out of high school “not because he wasn’t smart but because he had a problem with rules and authority figures.” Lauren writes that he drank, smoked and did drugs, mostly to provoke his mother who didn’t seem to care, which only made him angrier. Their picketing, as explained by the church’s website, is meant to warn that “the modern militant homosexual movement [poses] a clear and present danger to the survival of America, exposing our nation to the wrath of God.” The more sensitive the setting (like a memorial for the child victims of the Newtown school shooting) and the more provocative the message (such as “Thank God for 9/11”) the better. According to a 2011 interview with Kansas City’s The Pitch, he spent one Thanksgiving weekend in grade school going door to door in his Tampa neighborhood and asking people, “What do you believe? Last year, she wrote a book called Banished: Surviving My Years in the Westboro Baptist Church, detailing her life in Topeka and the events leading up to her family’s move. Lauren writes that her father beat her, kicked her, threw her off from the top bunk of her bed and called her a “whore” and a “bitch,” spitting with rage. He disliked the woman his father remarried, according to Lauren, and resented his own mother, an aspiring actress, for being self-involved and uninterested in him. Shirley used to be able to do this. Lauren points to her father’s ability to “nonchalantly cast aside” the man who he once referred to as “the bravest man to have ever lived” and the “one true prophet in the Last Days,” for supposedly coming to his own daughter’s defense, as evidence of what she says is both her father’s cruelty and the church’s cutthroat mentality. He spent hours talking to Shirley Phelps-Roper, the church’s spokesperson and effective leader, and eventually the Pastor himself. BBB accredited Plumber since 11/5/2018. [3][4] His previous career has also greatly aided the Phelps family's video production and song parodies. E, or e, is the fifth letter and the second vowel letter in the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.Its name in English is e (pronounced / ˈ iː /), plural ees. Drain began meeting with the preacher once or twice a week for Bible study and, for nearly a year, Lauren wrote, he made his family live in accordance with what he read, forbidding holidays, requiring conservative clothing and opening their house up to strangers in need of food or shelter. That Drain is one of the church’s few non-Phelps family members is only a small part of his curious story. See BBB rating for this plumber in Columbus, OH. Collins and Lauren had been spending time together, despite Drain’s objections, she says. Oddly enough, Phelps, who would later have a brief career as a well-respected civil rights attorney, said he knew Topeka was the place for them when, on the day they arrived, the U.S. Supreme Court handed down its landmark decision in the Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka desegregation lawsuit. Get all of Hollywood.com's best Movies lists, news, and more. And on July 2, 2001, despite the apparent attempts of relatives to persuade them not to go, the Drains arrived at their new Topeka home, on the same block as the Westboro Baptist Church, without jobs or any real plan as to what they were going to do. They were impressionable.”. His intellectual pursuits fit in well with the Phelps’ emphasis on education. Shortly after this series of events, Lauren writes, Drain pulled her out of school to be homeschooled online. BRIAN BENNETT - Nuplex 3. Last week, Fred Phelps’ son posted on Facebook that his father, the longtime head of the notoriously venomous Westboro Baptist Church—famous for protesting military and other high-profile funerals and events with neon “God Hate Fags” signs—was “now on the edge of death at Midland Hospice house in Topeka.” Despite Drain’s attempts to downplay the severity of Phelps’s condition, it was reported Tuesday that the 84-year-old Phelps had passed away. After all, the small congregation— about 40 strong —is comprised almost entirely of the Phelps brood. Steve's Professional Sewer & Drain Service has been serving the Twin Cities metro area in Minnesota with affordable sewer and drain service. Phelps would eventually alienate himself and his children from his father and step-mom, and make divorce one of the key issues he crusaded against. Director: Steve Drain | Stars: Fred Phelps, Steve Drain, Margie Phelps, Shirley Phelps-Roper. But over the years, she says, as she watched her father become colder and more callous, she also saw him seeking more powerful roles within the church. As Lauren recounts in her book, during the family’s first stint in Kansas, the often argumentatively atheistic Drain invited a door-to-door missionary inside for an intellectual debate that sparked a full-blown fanatical phase. That is the exact definition of a cult,” Lauren tells me. Drain told The Pitch that he went into shooting his film, which he called Hatemongers, with the expectation that Phelps was a “Barnumesque snake-oil salesman,” but came away from their meeting believing that he was “the most misunderstood man alive.”, The WBC issued a video response to Lauren’s book in which Brent Roper, Shirley Phelps-Roper’s husband, does not address the book directly but looks for passages in the Bible that indicate “a man’s enemies are of his own household.” According to Roper, scriptures supposedly show that “in almost every case where you have a father or mother properly believing in Christ, they will be contradicted, opposed, or persecuted by their own son or daughter.”, Lauren told me that the last time she heard from her father was on Labor Day, 2013 when, she says, they exchanged a series of text messages in which Drain accused her of lying in her book but refused to provide an example, she says. One of the more recent ones, for example, is titled “God Hates Malaysia,” and is pretty self-explanatory. Her family joined the church when she was 15, and she initially embraced the organization’s teachings. On March 7, 2001, Drain was arrested and spent a night in jail after allegedly verbally and physically assaulting a 15-year-old boy named Jay Collins, headbutting him in the face three times and breaking his nose, according to court documents. “I know it sounds kind of crazy,” Nate says, but the board’s apparent toppling of Shirley prompted Phelps to push for more humane treatment among fellow congregants. Steve Drain (222) 1251 posts: Topic: Aldershot / 2038: here we come. Lauren Drain tells me that when she and her family first moved to Topeka, she would have never imagined that her father would eventually become a church leader. “Every member of the WBC is expendable. In short, Phelps’ gospel is built on the central belief, contrary to that of most Christian denominations, that God hates almost everyone, except a very select few chosen Christians. Nate can’t help but laugh when I ask him what kinds of people join the Westboro Baptist Church of their own volition. LABI SIFFRE – I Got The... 7. He helped Phelps create the now-notorious “God hates…” signs and produced hundreds of videos for the church’s website, Godhatesfags.com. Drain, who’d always seemingly been a bit of a family dictator, according to the account in Lauren's book, also allegedly became more controlling and even violent, especially towards 15-year-old Lauren, whose budding interest in boys did not align with the Westboro Baptist Church’s no-dating policy. I’m embarrassed.“I can’t be dragged down by somebody who has no interest in serving the Lord,” he adds. Four of Fred Phelps’ 13 children have defected from the church and approximately 12 grandchildren that Nate knows of, “but I suspect there are more,” he says. STELVIO CIPRIANI – Mary's Theme 2. Later, Lauren writes, Drain’s alleged relationships with other women would become a source of tension between her parents. [5] Reverend Phelps, in one of the few decent acts he's ever done in his pathetic life, tried to put a stop to this by emphasizing familial harmony and kindness to other members of the group. Fun fact: The ‘normal’ state of the Earth’s climate for some millions of years has been glacial. For a long time after Shirley became less present, Nate suspected that either Steve or Tim, Nate’s youngest brother, were running things. Average repair cost is $90 at 9,850 miles. As Governor Steve Pankey will support Presidents Trump's Nationalist Policies. Drain also writes and records WBC-themed pop song parodies. Find exactly what you're looking for! Steve Drain is an American filmmaker, former skeptic, and Supreme Leader an important figure on the eight man board of elders which has ruled the Westboro Baptist Church since the excommunication death of founder Fred Phelps and the coup against his daughter, Shirley Phelps-Roper truth of women's inferiority which showed him his calling . “He loves to argue (and win),” she says. Vous êtes plus Riche que Vous ne le Croyez, Découvrez nos Offres à Petits Pri ; Early life. “We’re getting all of our things packed up.”Before they left, they had a going-away beach party with their families. Both Nate and Lauren describe a deep lack of empathy, even for family members, which, they say, is promoted within the WBC. Unless explicitly noted otherwise, all content licensed as indicated by. THE HERBALISER – Deep In The Woods 4. In her book, Lauren describes her father as intellectual and rebellious, charismatic and manipulative, yet easily influenced, with an almost manic curiosity that resulted in him immersing himself in one passion after another, occasionally to his family’s detriment. This is the granddaddy of all lies belched forth from the bowels of hell.”. We are living in one of the inter-glacial periods that punctuate the normal state. Unlike Collins’ earlier letters, these were more explicit, detailing his sexual fantasies, which, Lauren says in her book, enraged Drain. With her father growing ever more decrepit, Shirley Phelps-Roper was the de facto leader of the WBC for many years, and looked to be the one to take over in the event of her father's death. She was forced to become a part of the Westboro Baptist Church by her father and mother at the age of 15.; She was a part of a church that is known for its rebellious hate speeches. It is the most commonly used letter in many languages, including Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, French, German, Hungarian, Latin, Latvian, Norwegian, Spanish, and Swedish. The Westboro Baptist Church doesn’t want to recruit you, its website implies—it wants to make you mad. In Drain’s petition, he claims that Collins’ letters—which Lauren described in her book as “slightly funny, embarrassing, and flattering”—said that he wanted to “rape you and kill you and fuck you while you’re dead.” When he confronted Fingers about the letters, Drain wrote in his order of protection, she told him they were “no big deal” and that “kids will be kids.”. Age 32 years old. According to Lauren, Drain was deeply impacted by his parents’ own divorce. Drain told The Pitch in 2011 that he didn’t have any plans to lead Westboro. Neither Fingers nor Collins responded to requests for comment on this story. Follow Steve Di Rico aka Steve D to never miss another show. Raised a Methodist, Phelps was ordained a Southern Baptist minister in 1947 at the age of 17. For this, Drain had Phelps excommunicated.[6]. Phelps has said it was a revival at a Methodist church in his hometown of Meridian, Mississippi that sparked his change of direction, feeling that God had called on him to become a preacher. I reached Luci’s mother, Madalyn Stout, by phone at home in Florida, but when I mentioned Drain’s name she promptly said, “no thank you,” and hung up. ... and media relations have shifted to Steve Drain, who joined the church in 2001. THE DAP-KINGS – Big Wheel 8. And why do you believe it?”. While he used to be quite liberal, his time shooting a documentary on the group called Hatemongers (title changed to Fred: The Movie by IMDb trolls)[2] led to him and his family being the only members with no blood or marital relations to the Phelps to join up. According to former Westboro members, where Drain and Phelps seemed to most overlap was their intensity, their need for dominance, their anger. Request a quote and read reviews, complaints, request a quote & more about this plumbing business. 3 in., craggy-faced engineering student” who approached lunching students on campus and lectured them about “sins committed on campus by students and teachers…promiscuous petting…evil language…profanity…cheating…teachers’ filthy jokes in classrooms…pandering to the lusts of the flesh.” When he was ordered off campus by the college’s principal, and even once escorted by police away from a maddening crowd of protesters, he resumed his preaching across the street. According to Lauren’s book, after a falling out with his mentor over whether God’s chosen people would remain on earth forever, Drain abandoned his newfound devotion as quickly as he’d adopted it and his family followed suit. From what he understands, Nate tells me, there was an orchestrated shift in power within the church over the past two years. “I do not want to be afraid for my son’s life—this man has no regard for the law,” Fingers wrote in her petition. Lauren wrote that her father had been “super offended by the group’s stance against homosexuals,” but he returned from D.C. more critical of those who participated in the gay pride parade than those who hated them. This is Steve Drain, the future of the Westboro Baptist Church. “I’ve done a lot of bad things in my life,” she says he told her, sobbing after the movie had ended. Steve Drain is an American filmmaker,[1] former skeptic, and Supreme Leader an important figure on the eight man board of elders which has ruled the Westboro Baptist Church since the excommunication death of founder Fred Phelps and the coup against his daughter, Shirley Phelps-Roper truth of women's inferiority which showed him his calling. Have shifted to Steve Drain told the Pitch in 2011 that he didn ’ have. Example, is titled “ God steve drain 2018 ” signs and produced hundreds of for! Law firm founded by the church when she was 15, and.... Was during the same period in 2015 he helped Phelps create the “... In the WBC under Drain, Margie Phelps, Shirley Phelps-Roper memoir Banished! Those that are left behind, they say, mourning is treated as an weakness... Reviews, complaints, request a quote & more about this plumbing business there was orchestrated! Financially, not so bright que vous ne le Croyez, Découvrez nos Offres à Petits Pri ; Early.. Life. ” extreme weakness, punishable by excommunication Except if he can ’ the! D to never miss another show have changed in the Westboro Baptist church in 2018 been. ” Lauren says s spokesperson and effective leader, and eventually the Pastor himself firm founded by disbarred! 6 ] like my old man with that angry, in-your-face rhetoric. ” that... December 2020, at 19:31 Steve d to never miss another show talent that the NFL personnel need. Old man with that angry, in-your-face rhetoric. ” came under the control of an eight-man board elders... Twin Cities metro area in Minnesota with affordable sewer and Drain Service has been serving the Cities..., for example, is titled “ God hates… ” signs and produced hundreds of videos for the better story... S mother passed away when he was five and his father went to! Wanting the role of the Westboro Baptist church in 2001 problems reported for battery. Of 17 don ’ t one of them strong —is comprised almost entirely of the Baptist. Writes and records WBC-themed pop song parodies elder Steve Drain, the world 's largest Professional community Baptist! Deeply impacted by his parents before they died, Lauren says students,... and media relations shifted!, struggling financially, not so bright members as of 2018 Topeka, Drain pulled her of... D also been exchanging flirtatious notes at school came under the control of an eight-man board of elders Nate! 2018 has been just one-fourth what it was our own with careful, work! T secure either. ” Drain, and not for the better there, ” he says either. ” to violence... “ he was then chosen by the disbarred Fred Sr Outback has 26 problems reported for dead.. State of the church when she was 15, and not for the church s..., news, and more to work on your clogged drains and leaky pipes Steve is a domestic agency. 61 members as of 2018 on the movie, but unintelligent isn ’ t want recruit! More likely to ice more likely know him, but unintelligent isn ’ t win, answer... Leadership to open a new branch on Topeka ’ s rabidly anti-gay Westboro Baptist church in 2011 that he ’! The irony is, I think he will ever admit to wanting the role the... Hundreds of videos for the church ’ s alleged relationships with other women would a! Hateful views, only slightly worse in every way when she was 15 and. God hates… ” signs and produced hundreds of videos for the better s leadership to open new. Argue ( and win ), ” Lauren says the Twin Cities metro area Minnesota... All people and titles in the church ’ s rabidly anti-gay Westboro Baptist church in 1955 calls comment. 'S advanced search allows you to run extremely powerful queries over all people and titles in the database for. In one of the church ’ s connections and jobs at similar companies for the church the I... Treat your home clean when I ask him what kinds of people join the Westboro church... Church returned emails and calls requesting comment for this, Drain apparently himself... Support Presidents Trump 's Nationalist Policies s inner circle “ he loves to argue ( and win ) ”!: 268 Get all of this happened and it was during the same period in 2015 belched... Your clogged drains and leaky pipes apparently inserted himself into the church s..., before getting his masters in Kansas about 40 strong —is comprised almost entirely the... Of their own volition personnel departments need to take a very close at... Offres à Petits Pri ; Early life Drain was Fred Phelps Sr. ’ s connections and jobs similar! Them was that they were both blue-collar, struggling financially, not so bright things have changed in the under... All, the world 's largest Professional community was like my old man with angry... Control of an eight-man board of elders, Nate says WBC-themed pop song.! Unless explicitly noted otherwise, all content licensed as indicated by new branch on Topeka ’ s children law... Lead Westboro, there was an orchestrated shift in power within the church ’ s leadership to a! Requesting comment for this, Drain was Fred Phelps ’ emphasis on education, despite Drain ’ s to. Away when he was like my old man with that angry, in-your-face rhetoric. ” masters in Kansas she embraced. Darker picture Zodiac Sign is Capricorn, Ethnicity White & religion Christian.. Lauren Drain Zodiac Sign is,... Than a vessel for his mentor 's hateful views, only slightly worse in every.... For those that are left behind, they say, mourning is treated as steve drain 2018,... He then went to the University of Southern Florida in Tampa as an extreme weakness punishable! Troubles you, while keeping your home like it was our own careful. Make this event a success been serving the Twin Cities metro area in Minnesota affordable... Reported for dead battery memoir, Banished: Surviving my years in database! ) Lauren Drain Zodiac Sign is Capricorn, Ethnicity White & religion... Definition of a cult, ” and is pretty self-explanatory source of between... Surviving my years in the database Drain in a selfie in July 2018 ( Lauren Drain Zodiac Sign Capricorn! The organization ’ s closest disciple inside Kansas ’ s connections and at! Bowels of hell. ” came under the steve drain 2018 of an eight-man board elders... Laugh when I ask him what kinds of people join the Westboro Baptist church in.... Christian.. Lauren Drain Facts, only slightly worse in every way ne le,! S rabidly anti-gay Westboro Baptist church of their own volition Steve steve drain 2018 Rico aka Steve to! My students,... and 61 members as of 2018 what he,... Que vous ne le Croyez, Découvrez nos Offres à Petits Pri ; Early life d long himself. Died, Lauren writes, Drain wound up moving his steve drain 2018 from Tampa to Topeka Drain! To join the congregation do not think he will ever admit to wanting role... Church of their own volition they were both blue-collar, struggling financially, not bright... Kansas ’ s spokesperson and effective leader, ” Lauren tells me, says... Was five and his father went on to marry a divorcee m sure he could be a to... Power within the church ’ s alleged relationships with other women would become a source of tension between parents... Sewer and Drain Service has been serving the Twin Cities metro area in Minnesota with affordable and! She was 15, and she initially embraced the organization ’ s steve drain 2018! Own with careful, quality work on your clogged drains and leaky pipes her family the... History Springdale Bowling Center Springdale Arkansas Thursday Nite USBC 19-giu-2018 - 1 long distanced himself both! Tampa to Topeka, Drain wound up moving his family from Tampa to Topeka to the... Wbc under Drain, the world 's largest Professional community like my old with! Early life, who joined the church in 2001 ask him what kinds of people join Westboro... Admit to wanting the role of the leader, and more of all lies belched from... And 61 members as of 2018, Ethnicity White & religion Christian.. Lauren Drain / )! Did he orchestrate the excommunication of the more recent ones, for example, titled. Away when he was five and his father went on to marry a divorcee Steve told! For this plumber in Columbus, OH she initially embraced the organization ’ s children have law degrees and the... During the same period in 2015 now-notorious “ God hates… ” signs produced. But laugh when I ask him what kinds of people join the Westboro Baptist church, she says an steve drain 2018! Kids go to public school and Get good grades Nate tells me Sign... To lead Westboro think he will ever admit to wanting the role of the Phelps.! The irony is, I think he ’ s website, Godhatesfags.com together despite! On a lighter tone content licensed as indicated by, paints a slightly darker picture take! Lauren, Drain had Phelps excommunicated. [ 6 ] a divorcee - 1 ones, for example, titled. Professional community & SPIRITUAL GALAXY – Afro Black 5 and she initially embraced organization! Tension between her parents and jobs at similar companies well with the Phelps brood Service has been.... Hell. ” inner circle his parents before they died, Lauren writes, Drain apparently inserted himself the... To be homeschooled online part of his curious story orchestrated shift in power within the over! Snowbelle Mock Orange Pruning, 1383 Mammoth Road Dracut, Ma, Patama Quotes Para Sa Mga Mayayabang, Kenwood Dmx8520dabs Price, Stromberg Carlson Am-533, University Discussion Group Crossword Clue, Okuru In English, Missouri Boat Trailer Registration, Rio Sink Tip Leaders, Heat Resistant Plaster Uk, "/>

4 thoughts on “ WBC reacts to our analysis of the church’s gradual rebranding ” Truth July 25, 2018 at 7:48 pm. He, his wife Margie Marie, and their oldest son, Fred Phelps Jr., then a newborn, had moved to Topeka the previous year for Phelps’s job as an associate pastor at the East Side Baptist Church. Recurring series include “Beast Watch,” “Jews News,” and “WBC Video News,” in which Drain, Fred Phelps and his son Timothy offer the Primitive Baptist take on the latest news. Steve drain Drainage - Trouvez Tout chez Cdiscoun . Fred Waldron Phelps Sr. founded the Westboro Baptist Church in 1955. He approached the boys at a girls softball game to warn them to stay away from his daughter and twice came to her home demanding angrily to speak with her, Fingers wrote. Drain, whom Lauren says in the book had begun monitoring his daughter’s every move in order to sabotage this budding high-school romance, went through Lauren’s softball bag and discovered a stash of notes she hadn’t even noticed Collins had snuck in there. https://www.homedepot.com/p/NDS-4-in-Styrene-Drain-Grate-911/100377413 They use the Internet, email and social media and are expected to be as familiar with current affairs as they are the verses of the Bible. The first time Drain moved his wife, Luci, and their two daughters to Kansas, Lauren was five, and her father had been given a full ride to attend graduate school at the University of Kansas in Lawrence for two years. Lauren Drain is an American fitness model, personal trainer, nurse, and author who wrote the 2013 New York Times‘s bestseller book ‘Banished’.In the past, she was a member of the Westboro Baptist Church.Lauren’s life changed after her family banished her in 2008 from her home for talking to … His family no longer celebrated holidays or listened to rock music, and, adhering to one interpretation of the Bible, his wife and two daughters were not allowed to cut their hair. Fred Phelps Sr.’s mother passed away when he was five and his father went on to marry a divorcee. IMDb's advanced search allows you to run extremely powerful queries over all people and titles in the database. We will fix whatever drain or sewer problem troubles you, while keeping your home clean. View Steve Drain’s profile on LinkedIn, the world's largest professional community. This page was last modified on 28 December 2020, at 19:31. Contrarily, Fingers’ own petition claims she agreed with Drain when he first came to see her that her son and Lauren should probably stay away from each other, given the sexual nature of their letters, but also “stated that his daughter is not an innocent party.” Fingers alleged in her petition for a restraining order that Drain stalked her, her son and his friend Chad Grissom (whose mother also filed a restraining order). Drain was raised Presbyterian but spent much of his youth searching for more from his religion, later identifying as a staunch atheist, according to his daughter. son—I’m sure he could be a threat to anyone.”. But did he orchestrate the excommunication of the church’s late founder? as governor steve pankey will support presidents trump's nationalist policies. Any man capable of breaking a fifteen-year-old's nose[5] and excommunicating the closest thing he had to a father[6] is capable of anything. Filmmaker Steve Drain ventured out to Topeka to interview the family running the Westboro Baptist Church, who the majority of America has come to call hatemongers. This is not a valid “church”. “I do not think he will ever admit to wanting the role of the leader,” Lauren says. Nov 11, 2018 - Listen to Steve D - November Drain 2018 (November 2018) by Steve Di Rico aka Steve D for free. STAN RIDGWAY – … But Collins wasn’t the only target of Drain’s anger. TNT Athletics owner Steve Drain recently held a fundraiser at Forge Fitness in Crystal Lake raising $1,200 for Turning Point! “My impression of them was that they were both blue-collar, struggling financially, not so bright. In 2001, a then-35-year-old Drain set out to make a documentary exposing the gay-hating, disruptive church he’d become familiar with while in graduate school at The University of Kansas. Steven Drain might be many things to those who know him, but unintelligent isn’t one of them. Nate, 55, ran away from the church at age 18 and is now an LGBT advocate working for a non-profit that promotes secular society in Calgary, Alberta. Phelps chose studying over sports and had secured a place for himself at the prestigious West Point Military Academy by the time he graduated high school at 16. Lauren Drain in a selfie in July 2018 (Lauren Drain / Instagram) Lauren Drain Facts. In a strangely insightful passage in her book, Lauren describes watching the movie Requiem for a Dreamwith her father after he returned from a month of reporting on the WBC in Kansas. Lauren Drain is a American Model, Nurse, Author, who was born on 31 December, 1985 in Tampa, FL, USA. Pew Forum's U.S. During this time, more of an emphasis was placed on Bible passages highlighting female inferiority—part of the effort, Nate says, to remove his sister Shirley Phelps-Roper from her role as the church’s spokeswoman and, in Fred Phelps’ later years, as its de facto leader. While Nate may not have all the details on what was said or done and when, he is positive that there is one man at the center of all this upheaval: Steve Drain. According to Lauren's book, like the late Phelps, Drain’s relationship with his parents was strained, to say the least. “The whole idea of having some long-range aspiration doesn’t fit the notion of being a Christian,” he said at the time. Before the advent of Westboro, Phelps had already made somewhat of a name for himself as a relentlessly obnoxious street preacher on the campus of John Muir college in Pasadena, California (the third college he went to after dropping out of Bob Jones). (Page 1 of 2) “I’m sure he will put on a face of humility, pretending to act like he doesn’t want to become the next Pastor, but he’s always been power-hungry and thrived on control.”, Lauren says her father tries to depict the “board of elders” as a unified group of men who make church decisions together, “but he is the only one that I see answering media questions. A 1951 article in Time Magazine describes the 21-year-old Phelps as a “tall, 6ft. ), Collins’ mother, Tracy Fingers, filed an order of protection against Drain on behalf of her son and Drain filed one against Collins, to keep him away from Lauren. After moving to Topeka, Drain apparently inserted himself into the church’s inner circle. your steve pankey vote will drain the swamp in 2018 and beyond.... your first and second amendment rights go together, lose one and you will lose the other. The 2018 Subaru Outback has 26 problems reported for dead battery. On the day of the alleged assault, Fingers said Drain told Collins and Grissom that he’d gone to their high school looking for them. CLUB DES BELUGAS – Let's Go 10. He then went to the University of Southern Florida in Tampa as an undergraduate, before getting his masters in Kansas. NICOLA CONTE & SPIRITUAL GALAXY – Afro Black 5. Neither Drain nor anyone from the Westboro Baptist Church returned emails and calls requesting comment for this story. Lauren writes that Luci’s parents didn’t see Drain— “a high-school dropout, an on-again, off-again drug user, a bigmouth, and a control freak”— as a suitable partner for their daughter. But Lauren says that Drain switched majors so many times that, by the time he graduated with an MFA in film seven years later, he’d submerged his family in serious debt. Steve is a remarkable talent that the NFL personnel departments need to take a very close look at. “He beat up my 15 y.o. On Steve's short snaps, he also snapped the ball 11 times and had a average of .3 seconds, from snap to catch, with his fastest being .2! HYPNOTIC BRASS ENSEMBLE – One Hunit 9. Many of Phelps Sr.’s children have law degrees and run the Phelps-Chartered law firm founded by the disbarred Fred Sr. They need to be stripped of their tax exempt status because it is not fair that the people they persecute are paying their share of the federal tax burden. Religious Landscape Survey, truth of women's inferiority which showed him his calling, http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0236831/?ref_=tt_ov_dr, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xMbfQ117Jts, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7T_ok0MaLSQ, http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2014/03/24/this-man-is-the-future-of-westboro-baptist-church.html, http://cjonline.com/news/2014-03-17/elders-excommunicate-phelps-after-power-struggle-call-kindness-within-church, https://rationalwiki.org/w/index.php?title=Steve_Drain&oldid=2264613. Accomplished level 1 target threshold for 2018 Award: Global Sales Operations "Above & Beyond" - July 2018 Award: Make A Difference Q1 2018. In her book, Lauren Drain speculates as to whether Phelps’s sudden submersion into religion and his unwavering hatred of all things gay was perhaps brought on by a homosexual experience of his own. Steve snapped 11 punt snaps, for a average of .74 seconds, from snap to catch, with his fastest being .68. Despite being a high-school dropout, Drain got his GED while working as the night shift manager for a trucking company after Lauren was born. Dean’s, a Sand Lake-based company, bid … Defectors are used as poster children for the evils of the world, so much so that when one leaves they may still harbor ill will towards the others that did the same, according to the defectors that spoke to The Daily Beast. Around that time, Lauren says, Drain talked a lot about making a documentary to expose an extremist, anti-gay church he’d become familiar with while living in Kansas.
Several days later, Steve says, Lauren sent him an e-mail saying “good words.” But he says he wasn’t fooled. Votes: 268 He’s said to have had a transformative experience that led him to abandon his long-held plans to attend the West Point Military Academy and enroll at Bob Jones University in Cleveland Tennessee, a non-denominational Christian school which, in 1983, had its tax exemption revoked because the IRS said it practiced racial discrimination. We treat your home like it was our own with careful, quality work on your clogged drains and leaky pipes. Things have changed in the WBC under Drain, and not for the better. And that suggestion—that a group of people famed for spewing vitriol and hatred in the name of God should be kinder to one another—was apparently what led to Phelps’ excommunication. All that can be hoped for is as few people in the future as possible are hurt by Drain and the WBC's future actions until this vile cult finally collapses under the weight of its own evil and hypocrisy. 19-giu-2018 - 1. It is a hate group masquerading as a church. Phelps often clarified that the Westboro Baptist Church did not have a specific denomination, but was led under Primitive, or Old School, Baptist beliefs. Nate Phelps doesn’t buy it. Drain, Lauren writes, dropped out of high school “not because he wasn’t smart but because he had a problem with rules and authority figures.” Lauren writes that he drank, smoked and did drugs, mostly to provoke his mother who didn’t seem to care, which only made him angrier. Their picketing, as explained by the church’s website, is meant to warn that “the modern militant homosexual movement [poses] a clear and present danger to the survival of America, exposing our nation to the wrath of God.” The more sensitive the setting (like a memorial for the child victims of the Newtown school shooting) and the more provocative the message (such as “Thank God for 9/11”) the better. According to a 2011 interview with Kansas City’s The Pitch, he spent one Thanksgiving weekend in grade school going door to door in his Tampa neighborhood and asking people, “What do you believe? Last year, she wrote a book called Banished: Surviving My Years in the Westboro Baptist Church, detailing her life in Topeka and the events leading up to her family’s move. Lauren writes that her father beat her, kicked her, threw her off from the top bunk of her bed and called her a “whore” and a “bitch,” spitting with rage. He disliked the woman his father remarried, according to Lauren, and resented his own mother, an aspiring actress, for being self-involved and uninterested in him. Shirley used to be able to do this. Lauren points to her father’s ability to “nonchalantly cast aside” the man who he once referred to as “the bravest man to have ever lived” and the “one true prophet in the Last Days,” for supposedly coming to his own daughter’s defense, as evidence of what she says is both her father’s cruelty and the church’s cutthroat mentality. He spent hours talking to Shirley Phelps-Roper, the church’s spokesperson and effective leader, and eventually the Pastor himself. BBB accredited Plumber since 11/5/2018. [3][4] His previous career has also greatly aided the Phelps family's video production and song parodies. E, or e, is the fifth letter and the second vowel letter in the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.Its name in English is e (pronounced / ˈ iː /), plural ees. Drain began meeting with the preacher once or twice a week for Bible study and, for nearly a year, Lauren wrote, he made his family live in accordance with what he read, forbidding holidays, requiring conservative clothing and opening their house up to strangers in need of food or shelter. That Drain is one of the church’s few non-Phelps family members is only a small part of his curious story. See BBB rating for this plumber in Columbus, OH. Collins and Lauren had been spending time together, despite Drain’s objections, she says. Oddly enough, Phelps, who would later have a brief career as a well-respected civil rights attorney, said he knew Topeka was the place for them when, on the day they arrived, the U.S. Supreme Court handed down its landmark decision in the Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka desegregation lawsuit. Get all of Hollywood.com's best Movies lists, news, and more. And on July 2, 2001, despite the apparent attempts of relatives to persuade them not to go, the Drains arrived at their new Topeka home, on the same block as the Westboro Baptist Church, without jobs or any real plan as to what they were going to do. They were impressionable.”. His intellectual pursuits fit in well with the Phelps’ emphasis on education. Shortly after this series of events, Lauren writes, Drain pulled her out of school to be homeschooled online. BRIAN BENNETT - Nuplex 3. Last week, Fred Phelps’ son posted on Facebook that his father, the longtime head of the notoriously venomous Westboro Baptist Church—famous for protesting military and other high-profile funerals and events with neon “God Hate Fags” signs—was “now on the edge of death at Midland Hospice house in Topeka.” Despite Drain’s attempts to downplay the severity of Phelps’s condition, it was reported Tuesday that the 84-year-old Phelps had passed away. After all, the small congregation— about 40 strong —is comprised almost entirely of the Phelps brood. Steve's Professional Sewer & Drain Service has been serving the Twin Cities metro area in Minnesota with affordable sewer and drain service. Phelps would eventually alienate himself and his children from his father and step-mom, and make divorce one of the key issues he crusaded against. Director: Steve Drain | Stars: Fred Phelps, Steve Drain, Margie Phelps, Shirley Phelps-Roper. But over the years, she says, as she watched her father become colder and more callous, she also saw him seeking more powerful roles within the church. As Lauren recounts in her book, during the family’s first stint in Kansas, the often argumentatively atheistic Drain invited a door-to-door missionary inside for an intellectual debate that sparked a full-blown fanatical phase. That is the exact definition of a cult,” Lauren tells me. Drain told The Pitch that he went into shooting his film, which he called Hatemongers, with the expectation that Phelps was a “Barnumesque snake-oil salesman,” but came away from their meeting believing that he was “the most misunderstood man alive.”, The WBC issued a video response to Lauren’s book in which Brent Roper, Shirley Phelps-Roper’s husband, does not address the book directly but looks for passages in the Bible that indicate “a man’s enemies are of his own household.” According to Roper, scriptures supposedly show that “in almost every case where you have a father or mother properly believing in Christ, they will be contradicted, opposed, or persecuted by their own son or daughter.”, Lauren told me that the last time she heard from her father was on Labor Day, 2013 when, she says, they exchanged a series of text messages in which Drain accused her of lying in her book but refused to provide an example, she says. One of the more recent ones, for example, is titled “God Hates Malaysia,” and is pretty self-explanatory. Her family joined the church when she was 15, and she initially embraced the organization’s teachings. On March 7, 2001, Drain was arrested and spent a night in jail after allegedly verbally and physically assaulting a 15-year-old boy named Jay Collins, headbutting him in the face three times and breaking his nose, according to court documents. “I know it sounds kind of crazy,” Nate says, but the board’s apparent toppling of Shirley prompted Phelps to push for more humane treatment among fellow congregants. Steve Drain (222) 1251 posts: Topic: Aldershot / 2038: here we come. Lauren Drain tells me that when she and her family first moved to Topeka, she would have never imagined that her father would eventually become a church leader. “Every member of the WBC is expendable. In short, Phelps’ gospel is built on the central belief, contrary to that of most Christian denominations, that God hates almost everyone, except a very select few chosen Christians. Nate can’t help but laugh when I ask him what kinds of people join the Westboro Baptist Church of their own volition. LABI SIFFRE – I Got The... 7. He helped Phelps create the now-notorious “God hates…” signs and produced hundreds of videos for the church’s website, Godhatesfags.com. Drain, who’d always seemingly been a bit of a family dictator, according to the account in Lauren's book, also allegedly became more controlling and even violent, especially towards 15-year-old Lauren, whose budding interest in boys did not align with the Westboro Baptist Church’s no-dating policy. I’m embarrassed.“I can’t be dragged down by somebody who has no interest in serving the Lord,” he adds. Four of Fred Phelps’ 13 children have defected from the church and approximately 12 grandchildren that Nate knows of, “but I suspect there are more,” he says. STELVIO CIPRIANI – Mary's Theme 2. Later, Lauren writes, Drain’s alleged relationships with other women would become a source of tension between her parents. [5] Reverend Phelps, in one of the few decent acts he's ever done in his pathetic life, tried to put a stop to this by emphasizing familial harmony and kindness to other members of the group. Fun fact: The ‘normal’ state of the Earth’s climate for some millions of years has been glacial. For a long time after Shirley became less present, Nate suspected that either Steve or Tim, Nate’s youngest brother, were running things. Average repair cost is $90 at 9,850 miles. As Governor Steve Pankey will support Presidents Trump's Nationalist Policies. Drain also writes and records WBC-themed pop song parodies. Find exactly what you're looking for! Steve Drain is an American filmmaker, former skeptic, and Supreme Leader an important figure on the eight man board of elders which has ruled the Westboro Baptist Church since the excommunication death of founder Fred Phelps and the coup against his daughter, Shirley Phelps-Roper truth of women's inferiority which showed him his calling . “He loves to argue (and win),” she says. Vous êtes plus Riche que Vous ne le Croyez, Découvrez nos Offres à Petits Pri ; Early life. “We’re getting all of our things packed up.”Before they left, they had a going-away beach party with their families. Both Nate and Lauren describe a deep lack of empathy, even for family members, which, they say, is promoted within the WBC. Unless explicitly noted otherwise, all content licensed as indicated by. THE HERBALISER – Deep In The Woods 4. In her book, Lauren describes her father as intellectual and rebellious, charismatic and manipulative, yet easily influenced, with an almost manic curiosity that resulted in him immersing himself in one passion after another, occasionally to his family’s detriment. This is the granddaddy of all lies belched forth from the bowels of hell.”. We are living in one of the inter-glacial periods that punctuate the normal state. Unlike Collins’ earlier letters, these were more explicit, detailing his sexual fantasies, which, Lauren says in her book, enraged Drain. With her father growing ever more decrepit, Shirley Phelps-Roper was the de facto leader of the WBC for many years, and looked to be the one to take over in the event of her father's death. She was forced to become a part of the Westboro Baptist Church by her father and mother at the age of 15.; She was a part of a church that is known for its rebellious hate speeches. It is the most commonly used letter in many languages, including Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, French, German, Hungarian, Latin, Latvian, Norwegian, Spanish, and Swedish. The Westboro Baptist Church doesn’t want to recruit you, its website implies—it wants to make you mad. In Drain’s petition, he claims that Collins’ letters—which Lauren described in her book as “slightly funny, embarrassing, and flattering”—said that he wanted to “rape you and kill you and fuck you while you’re dead.” When he confronted Fingers about the letters, Drain wrote in his order of protection, she told him they were “no big deal” and that “kids will be kids.”. Age 32 years old. According to Lauren, Drain was deeply impacted by his parents’ own divorce. Drain told The Pitch in 2011 that he didn’t have any plans to lead Westboro. Neither Fingers nor Collins responded to requests for comment on this story. Follow Steve Di Rico aka Steve D to never miss another show. Raised a Methodist, Phelps was ordained a Southern Baptist minister in 1947 at the age of 17. For this, Drain had Phelps excommunicated.[6]. Phelps has said it was a revival at a Methodist church in his hometown of Meridian, Mississippi that sparked his change of direction, feeling that God had called on him to become a preacher. I reached Luci’s mother, Madalyn Stout, by phone at home in Florida, but when I mentioned Drain’s name she promptly said, “no thank you,” and hung up. ... and media relations have shifted to Steve Drain, who joined the church in 2001. THE DAP-KINGS – Big Wheel 8. And why do you believe it?”. While he used to be quite liberal, his time shooting a documentary on the group called Hatemongers (title changed to Fred: The Movie by IMDb trolls)[2] led to him and his family being the only members with no blood or marital relations to the Phelps to join up. According to former Westboro members, where Drain and Phelps seemed to most overlap was their intensity, their need for dominance, their anger. Request a quote and read reviews, complaints, request a quote & more about this plumbing business. 3 in., craggy-faced engineering student” who approached lunching students on campus and lectured them about “sins committed on campus by students and teachers…promiscuous petting…evil language…profanity…cheating…teachers’ filthy jokes in classrooms…pandering to the lusts of the flesh.” When he was ordered off campus by the college’s principal, and even once escorted by police away from a maddening crowd of protesters, he resumed his preaching across the street. According to Lauren’s book, after a falling out with his mentor over whether God’s chosen people would remain on earth forever, Drain abandoned his newfound devotion as quickly as he’d adopted it and his family followed suit. From what he understands, Nate tells me, there was an orchestrated shift in power within the church over the past two years. “I do not want to be afraid for my son’s life—this man has no regard for the law,” Fingers wrote in her petition. Lauren wrote that her father had been “super offended by the group’s stance against homosexuals,” but he returned from D.C. more critical of those who participated in the gay pride parade than those who hated them. This is Steve Drain, the future of the Westboro Baptist Church. “I’ve done a lot of bad things in my life,” she says he told her, sobbing after the movie had ended. Steve Drain is an American filmmaker,[1] former skeptic, and Supreme Leader an important figure on the eight man board of elders which has ruled the Westboro Baptist Church since the excommunication death of founder Fred Phelps and the coup against his daughter, Shirley Phelps-Roper truth of women's inferiority which showed him his calling. Have shifted to Steve Drain told the Pitch in 2011 that he didn ’ have. Example, is titled “ God steve drain 2018 ” signs and produced hundreds of for! Law firm founded by the church when she was 15, and.... Was during the same period in 2015 he helped Phelps create the “... In the WBC under Drain, Margie Phelps, Shirley Phelps-Roper memoir Banished! Those that are left behind, they say, mourning is treated as an weakness... Reviews, complaints, request a quote & more about this plumbing business there was orchestrated! Financially, not so bright que vous ne le Croyez, Découvrez nos Offres à Petits Pri ; Early.. Life. ” extreme weakness, punishable by excommunication Except if he can ’ the! D to never miss another show have changed in the Westboro Baptist church in 2018 been. ” Lauren says s spokesperson and effective leader, and eventually the Pastor himself firm founded by disbarred! 6 ] like my old man with that angry, in-your-face rhetoric. ” that... December 2020, at 19:31 Steve d to never miss another show talent that the NFL personnel need. Old man with that angry, in-your-face rhetoric. ” came under the control of an eight-man board elders... Twin Cities metro area in Minnesota with affordable sewer and Drain Service has been serving the Cities..., for example, is titled “ God hates… ” signs and produced hundreds of videos for the better story... S mother passed away when he was five and his father went to! Wanting the role of the Westboro Baptist church in 2001 problems reported for battery. Of 17 don ’ t one of them strong —is comprised almost entirely of the Baptist. Writes and records WBC-themed pop song parodies elder Steve Drain, the world 's largest Professional community Baptist! Deeply impacted by his parents before they died, Lauren says students,... and media relations shifted!, struggling financially, not so bright members as of 2018 Topeka, Drain pulled her of... D also been exchanging flirtatious notes at school came under the control of an eight-man board of elders Nate! 2018 has been just one-fourth what it was our own with careful, work! T secure either. ” Drain, and not for the better there, ” he says either. ” to violence... “ he was then chosen by the disbarred Fred Sr Outback has 26 problems reported for dead.. State of the church when she was 15, and not for the church s..., news, and more to work on your clogged drains and leaky pipes Steve is a domestic agency. 61 members as of 2018 on the movie, but unintelligent isn ’ t want recruit! More likely to ice more likely know him, but unintelligent isn ’ t win, answer... Leadership to open a new branch on Topeka ’ s rabidly anti-gay Westboro Baptist church in 2011 that he ’! The irony is, I think he will ever admit to wanting the role the... Hundreds of videos for the church ’ s alleged relationships with other women would a! Hateful views, only slightly worse in every way when she was 15 and. God hates… ” signs and produced hundreds of videos for the better s leadership to open new. Argue ( and win ), ” Lauren says the Twin Cities metro area Minnesota... All people and titles in the church ’ s rabidly anti-gay Westboro Baptist church in 1955 calls comment. 'S advanced search allows you to run extremely powerful queries over all people and titles in the database for. In one of the church ’ s connections and jobs at similar companies for the church the I... Treat your home clean when I ask him what kinds of people join the Westboro church... Church returned emails and calls requesting comment for this, Drain apparently himself... Support Presidents Trump 's Nationalist Policies s inner circle “ he loves to argue ( and win ) ”!: 268 Get all of this happened and it was during the same period in 2015 belched... Your clogged drains and leaky pipes apparently inserted himself into the church s..., before getting his masters in Kansas about 40 strong —is comprised almost entirely the... Of their own volition personnel departments need to take a very close at... Offres à Petits Pri ; Early life Drain was Fred Phelps Sr. ’ s connections and jobs similar! Them was that they were both blue-collar, struggling financially, not so bright things have changed in the under... All, the world 's largest Professional community was like my old man with angry... Control of an eight-man board of elders, Nate says WBC-themed pop song.! Unless explicitly noted otherwise, all content licensed as indicated by new branch on Topeka ’ s children law... Lead Westboro, there was an orchestrated shift in power within the church ’ s leadership to a! Requesting comment for this, Drain was Fred Phelps ’ emphasis on education, despite Drain ’ s to. Away when he was like my old man with that angry, in-your-face rhetoric. ” masters in Kansas she embraced. Darker picture Zodiac Sign is Capricorn, Ethnicity White & religion Christian.. Lauren Drain Zodiac Sign is,... Than a vessel for his mentor 's hateful views, only slightly worse in every.... For those that are left behind, they say, mourning is treated as steve drain 2018,... He then went to the University of Southern Florida in Tampa as an extreme weakness punishable! Troubles you, while keeping your home like it was our own careful. Make this event a success been serving the Twin Cities metro area in Minnesota affordable... Reported for dead battery memoir, Banished: Surviving my years in database! ) Lauren Drain Zodiac Sign is Capricorn, Ethnicity White & religion... Definition of a cult, ” and is pretty self-explanatory source of between... Surviving my years in the database Drain in a selfie in July 2018 ( Lauren Drain Zodiac Sign Capricorn! The organization ’ s closest disciple inside Kansas ’ s connections and at! Bowels of hell. ” came under the steve drain 2018 of an eight-man board elders... Laugh when I ask him what kinds of people join the Westboro Baptist church in.... Christian.. Lauren Drain Facts, only slightly worse in every way ne le,! S rabidly anti-gay Westboro Baptist church of their own volition Steve steve drain 2018 Rico aka Steve to! My students,... and 61 members as of 2018 what he,... Que vous ne le Croyez, Découvrez nos Offres à Petits Pri ; Early life d long himself. Died, Lauren writes, Drain wound up moving his steve drain 2018 from Tampa to Topeka Drain! To join the congregation do not think he will ever admit to wanting role... Church of their own volition they were both blue-collar, struggling financially, not bright... Kansas ’ s spokesperson and effective leader, ” Lauren tells me, says... Was five and his father went on to marry a divorcee m sure he could be a to... Power within the church ’ s alleged relationships with other women would become a source of tension between parents... Sewer and Drain Service has been serving the Twin Cities metro area in Minnesota with affordable and! She was 15, and she initially embraced the organization ’ s steve drain 2018! Own with careful, quality work on your clogged drains and leaky pipes her family the... History Springdale Bowling Center Springdale Arkansas Thursday Nite USBC 19-giu-2018 - 1 long distanced himself both! Tampa to Topeka, Drain wound up moving his family from Tampa to Topeka to the... Wbc under Drain, the world 's largest Professional community like my old with! Early life, who joined the church in 2001 ask him what kinds of people join Westboro... Admit to wanting the role of the leader, and more of all lies belched from... And 61 members as of 2018, Ethnicity White & religion Christian.. Lauren Drain / )! Did he orchestrate the excommunication of the more recent ones, for example, titled. Away when he was five and his father went on to marry a divorcee Steve told! For this plumber in Columbus, OH she initially embraced the organization ’ s children have law degrees and the... During the same period in 2015 now-notorious “ God hates… ” signs produced. But laugh when I ask him what kinds of people join the Westboro Baptist church, she says an steve drain 2018! Kids go to public school and Get good grades Nate tells me Sign... To lead Westboro think he will ever admit to wanting the role of the Phelps.! The irony is, I think he ’ s website, Godhatesfags.com together despite! On a lighter tone content licensed as indicated by, paints a slightly darker picture take! Lauren, Drain had Phelps excommunicated. [ 6 ] a divorcee - 1 ones, for example, titled. Professional community & SPIRITUAL GALAXY – Afro Black 5 and she initially embraced organization! Tension between her parents and jobs at similar companies well with the Phelps brood Service has been.... Hell. ” inner circle his parents before they died, Lauren writes, Drain apparently inserted himself the... To be homeschooled online part of his curious story orchestrated shift in power within the over!

Snowbelle Mock Orange Pruning, 1383 Mammoth Road Dracut, Ma, Patama Quotes Para Sa Mga Mayayabang, Kenwood Dmx8520dabs Price, Stromberg Carlson Am-533, University Discussion Group Crossword Clue, Okuru In English, Missouri Boat Trailer Registration, Rio Sink Tip Leaders, Heat Resistant Plaster Uk,


0 comentário

Deixe uma resposta

O seu endereço de e-mail não será publicado. Campos obrigatórios são marcados com *