[] Three volumes contain the Septuagint, Greek version of the Old Testament, with the complete loss of only ten leaves. These manuscripts come from Egypt and are witnesses of the Alexandrian text-type. The Protestants ignorantly made their Bible translations from the revised manuscripts. Bible Studies for the Church and for Christian Ministries - BIBLE STUDY ON TOUGH ISSUES. P46, P66). The fourth volume contains the New Testament with 31 leaves lost. (A text-type is a group of manuscripts that generally agree with each other.) Antiochene exegetes tended to insist more than their Alexandrian counterparts on the importance of seeing each biblical passage in its … 10. But this issue involves much more than just determining which book to read, which bible is the Word of God - a bible from Antioch or one from Alexandria.  It involves a crucial matter of the heart - which attitude one should have towards the Word of God - the attitude of believers in Antioch who "cleave" to the Word of God, or the attitude of unbelievers in Alexandria who questioned, changed, corrected, added to, and deleted from, the Word of God. (2 Pet 1:21). 1. In Acts 13, Saul becomes Paul (vs. 9) and is part of the church at Antioch. (James1:22)  The result of such deception will be exclusion from the Kingdom of God (Matt 7:21-23 and Matt 25:8-12). 1)  It is a place where they'll kill you and will take your wife (Gen 12:10-12) (First mention - negative), 2)  It is a place where they'll make you into slaves (Ex 1:11-14), 3)  It is a place that God, himself, calls "the house of bondage." But first of all, just to bring together in your minds some of the information which I have given to you at various times but perhaps hasn't really sort of come together in 3)  The result was, that his heart was turned away from God (I Kings 11:3,4), he began worshipping other god's (I Kings 11:5-9) and God pronounced judgment on him (I Kings 11:9-43), 5. So here's the pertinent question.  What is the bible practice?  If God holds these opinions of Alexandria and Egypt, and he commands his people to not even buy horses from there, then how likely is it that he would want us to get a BIBLE from there?  Conversely, would he recommend a BIBLE from Antioch, where "the word of the Lord was published throughout all the region."? However, the earliest manuscripts that provide distinguishable readings date to about 200 AD (e.g. This caricature has some truth but is … The divisions were as follows: Alexandrian (used by the famous Christian intellectual Origen); Western (Latin translations); and Eastern (used by Antiochian and Constantinopolitan churches). It is the text type favored by textual critics and it is the basis for modern Bible translations. Question #38 QUESTION: The New King James Version is based on the Antiochian manuscripts. (Acts 13:49). Well, their own new Bible versions have stripped being holy as a requirement for helping to inspire AND preserve the Word of God. d.  Therefore, we will refer to the two lineages based on their origins: Antioch/Antiochian and Alexandria/Alexandrian. 4. Alexandrian Vs. Byzantine Manuscripts - posted in General Accordance Topics: Does Accordance have any resources discussing the differences of the Alexandrian and Byzantine manuscripts? In the 19th century, a push was made by the Vatican and some apostate Protestant scholars to declare that the perverted Roman Catholic manuscripts were superior to the God-honored preserved text. uncial manuscript of New Testament. You must chose between the Antiochan or the Alexandrian text. But the NKJV people give the MT great prominence, writing this inaccurate information in the footnotes. TEXT AND MANUSCRIPTS OF THE NEW TESTAMENT. The divisions were as follows: Alexandrian (used by the famous Christian intellectual Origen); Western (Latin translations); and Eastern (used by Antiochian and Constantinopolitan churches). Only a very few manuscripts fall into the Alexandrian text-type, and these manuscripts are known to have many serious problems. In this video, the Rev. I have previously established that God has preserved His Word, listing many Scriptures affirming this. Question #38. Every theology student used to know that before Ephesus and Chalcedon theology was torn between the ‘Antiochene’ approach which divided the two natures of Christ and read Scripture realistically, and the Christology of the Alexandrians which united the natures in the person of the Logos but tended to diminish the humanity. Surely they would demand that they must be holy. While the Christian intellectuals of Alexandria emphasized the allegorical interpretation of Scriptures and tended toward a christology that emphasized the union of the human and the divine, those in Antioch held to a more literal and occasionally typological exegesis and a christology that emphasized the distinction between the human and the divine in the person of … There are two major text-types, the Byzantine/Antiochian/Majority/Universal text-type and the Alexandrian text-type. 1)  It is a place - the only hometown mentioned - from which a man of honest report, full of the Holy Ghost and wisdom came, and was appointed over church business (Acts 6:3-5) (First mention - positive), [Note also that the first appearance of Antioch and Alexandria occur in the same book of the bible and in the same chapter, as if God is highlighting the two options we have from which to choose.  (coincidence? EXPLANATION: The New King James Version is to the English Bible what the Alexandrian manuscripts are to Greek. However, the earliest manuscripts that provide distinguishable readings date to about 200 AD (e.g. b.  What does God think of Alexandria?  There are only four occurrences; these are all of them: 1)  It is a place where people disputed with and killed the first Christian martyr, Stephen (Act 6:9) (First mention - negative), 2)  It is a place where bad bible teaching comes from.  Apollos was learned in the scriptures but was unsaved (knowing only the baptism of John).  Aquilla and Priscilla explained the gospel - that Jesus was the Christ - and Apollos corrected his theology.  (Acts 18:24), 3)  It is a place that leads people to bondage and death.  Our champion, the Apostle Paul, was taken to be executed in Rome (of all places - Home of the Harlot) by a ship from Alexandria.  (Acts 27:6), 4)  It is a place, God emphasizes, that leads to bondage and death.  Our champion, the Apostle Paul, after surviving a shipwreck and a snake bite, is taken to be executed in Rome, by another ship from (once again) Alexandria. The earliest forms of the Syriac are also either Western or Alexandrian. The opposition between theologians centered in Antioch and those centered in Alexandria, both in their ways of interpreting Scripture and in their understandings of Christ’s person, is well known, if often somewhat exaggerated by modern scholars. BiblicalTraining.org | Today I want to talk about the theological traditions associated with Alexandria and Antioch. Manuscripts in Alexandria were corrupt by 200 AD. But first of all, just to bring together in your minds some of the information which I have given to you at various times but perhaps hasn't really sort of come together in A, Codex Alexandrinus, is an early-5th-century manuscript containing most of the New Testament but with lacunae (gaps) in Matthew, John, and II Corinthians, plus the inclusion of the extracanonical I and II Clement. Here is a brief overview. The School of Alexandria Alexandria became a famous centre of Christian thought especially in the 2 nd and 3rd centuries, especially, because of the catechetical school under Clement, Origen, Athanasius and Cyril. A corruption of a pure text by men who hold the deplorable doctrine that the Bible cannot be … Most Bible critics do not believe that the Bible is perfect (The Alexandrian Ideology). Box 88011, Grand Rapids, MI 49518 USA, http://www.mag-net.com/%7Emaranath/OLDBEST.HTM, Characteristics of the Selfish, Self-centered, Self-life. As for the pure, preserved, inerrant Word of God, it of course was nowhere to be found, since it was perfect only in the “original manuscripts” which are long vanished. What kind of preservation is this? After being lost for 1600 years, God’s word had finally been found!! 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Antiochene exegetes tended to insist more than their Alexandrian counterparts on the importance of seeing each biblical passage in its … Is it an improvement over the King James Bible? God inspired the original manuscripts using holy men as His pens. 6. Were there manuscripts published in Alexandria?  Absolutely.  But they were not the words of God.  These were manuscripts generated by Origen, founder of a school of philosophy, in Alexandria, Egypt and others of like mind.  Origen is perhaps best known for his life's work - the Hexapla, a six column side by side record of the Hebrew old testament with various interpretations of it in Greek. Most Protestants did not realize that these new “Bibles” came from the corrupt line of manuscripts, not the preserved line. (footnote [a] reads “NU-Text reads but men spoke from God. Alexandrian Text (or "Neutral" Text) The Alexandrian text, which Westcott and Hort called the Neutral text (a question-begging title), is usually considered to be the best text and the most faithful in preserving the original. This occasioned some of the greatest doctrinal disputes to ever face the Church, some of the most important ones revolving around the nature of Christ as both human and divine. (Matt 7:21). True Christians prevailed dispute horrible persecutions, refusing to join the idolatrous Catholic Church, and being used by God to preserve the pure Bible for all generations. (Even those who prefer the Alexandrian text are forced to admit this.) The word “holy” is clean gone from 2 Peter 1:21 in these new Bibles! A corruption of a pure text by men who hold the deplorable doctrine that the Bible cannot be … Scholars have designated these manuscripts as Alexandrian, linking them with Alexandria, Egypt, the region responsible for early heresies such as Gnosticism and Arianism. In a carefully documented study, Metzger points out that the Gothic version is “the oldest representative of the…Antiochian [i.e., Byzantine] type of text.” 36 When was this version produced? Maybe this is why there are so many liberals, heathens, and homosexuals on these Bible translation committees! Each group has different beliefs about how God preserved His word. 3. The Majority text (literally) includes approximately 99% of the 5,000+ extant manuscripts (meaning manuscripts that are in existence today).  These manuscripts include the ones used by the King James Bible translators and they have a high level of agreement with each other.  The Minority text (literally) includes the remaining less than 1% of extant manuscripts.  These manuscripts include those used by all modern versions and they have a high level of disagreement between each other (For example, Sinaiticus and Vaticanus, the two principal Alexandrian manuscripts by far, disagree with each other in over 3,000 places in the four gospels alone - see chart below). var month_name=new Array("January","February","March","April","May","June","July","August","September","October","November","December") Of the two most popular Alexandrian manuscripts, one (Vaticanus) is owned by the http://www.mag-net.com/%7Emaranath/OLDBEST.HTM for more information. Scholars have designated these manuscripts as Alexandrian, linking them with Alexandria, Egypt, the region responsible for early heresies such as Gnosticism and Arianism. 1. ), 6)  It is a place that God uses to denounce the city in which his two witnesses are murdered. Today many well meaning, but "Alexandrian" educated preachers are uplifting the Antiochian Bible (King James) but with the Alexandrian conviction that it cannot be perfect. (vs2)  They preached in a number of places (nowhere near Egypt) and by verse 49 we learn the keys words, "And the word of the Lord was published throughout all the region. P46, P66). If you are considering buying solar electric equipment or building a website, please consider contacting us for those needs by: (Clicking on the Banners to the Right or on the links below): SHARE THIS ARTICLE WITH YOUR FRIENDS and FOLLOW, (Birthplaces of manuscript lines and a key to identifying God's Word). Most of what I have come … 1)  In (I Kings 3:1)  Solomon, the wisest man who ever lived, ignored God's commandment to avoid Egypt, and to NOT multiply horses unto himself from Egypt. But exactly which Bible is the perfect Word of God? Griesbach added the fourth-century Codex Vaticanus, as well as additional Alexandrian church fathers, to the Alexandrian text type. var day_name=new Array("Sunday","Monday","Tuesday","Wednesday","Thursday","Friday","Saturday") A King James Bible believer accepts the Antiochian manuscripts or Textus Receptus as superior to the Alexandrian. We encourage all to fear God and to keep his commandments by searching the scriptures daily and by being doers of the word. The "Majority Text" is actually a hand-picked set of manuscripts grouped together by "pro-Alexandrian" liberal Hermann von Soden. Less than 8% of the over 5,000 Greek manuscripts were compared to each other by von Soden's team of collators! Alexandrian and Antiochian approaches to hermeneutics as deployed by John Chrysostom and Gregory of Nyssa as they work with the Beatitudes Typically, the view of Alexandrian and Antiochian hermeneutics has been one of dichotomy: Alexandrians were allegorical, and Antiochians were literal-historical. "  (That phrase is a key to understanding which text is the true word of God). God inspired His word using men, who were not necessary holy (see below). This is NOT preservation! ), Salvation | Bible Versions | Sound Doctrine | Endtime | Other Issues | Book Reviews, Home   |   What We Believe   |   Contact Us   |   Audios   |   Videos, All Rights Reserved: Mike Wright - Berean Research Institute, web design by Centurion Digital: websites@centuriondigital.com, var date=new Date() The "Berean Research Institute" is a scripture-based, family-oriented area of cyber-space wherein men, women and children can research beliefs and doctrines that impact their assembly, ministry and/or personal lives. Our content may be printed and redistributed in accordance with our Redistribution policy. The oldest New Testament manuscript fragment is P52, which dates to about 125 AD. If the question includes the Old Testament that would need to be looked at as a separate question. They usually also accept the Alexandrian manuscripts as superior to those of Antioch. This brings us back to where we were last Tuesday with the discussion of Christology. In biblical literature: Uncials. [] The codex contains almost a complete copy of the LXX, including the deuterocanonical books 3 and … Origen is of course speaking of the manuscripts of his location, Alexandria, Egypt. “). Question #38 QUESTION: The New King James Version is based on the Antiochian manuscripts. (... God is not the author of confusion ...  I Cor 14:33). We also receive the ideology that the Bible is not only Divine, but perfect, without error. (vs. 1)  Paul and Barnabus are separated out from the rest "for the work whereunto I have called them", God said. The “Syrian” text of WH is now called the Byzantine, or Antiochian. QUESTION: The New King James Version is based on the Antiochian manuscripts. The codex is in quarto, and now consists of 773 vellum folios (630 in the Old Testament and 143 in the New Testament), bound in four volumes (279 + 238 + 118 + 144 folios).[] Three volumes contain the Septuagint, Greek version of the Old Testament, with the complete loss of only ten leaves. These manuscripts come from Egypt and are witnesses of the Alexandrian text-type. The Protestants ignorantly made their Bible translations from the revised manuscripts. Bible Studies for the Church and for Christian Ministries - BIBLE STUDY ON TOUGH ISSUES. P46, P66). The fourth volume contains the New Testament with 31 leaves lost. (A text-type is a group of manuscripts that generally agree with each other.) Antiochene exegetes tended to insist more than their Alexandrian counterparts on the importance of seeing each biblical passage in its … 10. But this issue involves much more than just determining which book to read, which bible is the Word of God - a bible from Antioch or one from Alexandria.  It involves a crucial matter of the heart - which attitude one should have towards the Word of God - the attitude of believers in Antioch who "cleave" to the Word of God, or the attitude of unbelievers in Alexandria who questioned, changed, corrected, added to, and deleted from, the Word of God. (2 Pet 1:21). 1. In Acts 13, Saul becomes Paul (vs. 9) and is part of the church at Antioch. (James1:22)  The result of such deception will be exclusion from the Kingdom of God (Matt 7:21-23 and Matt 25:8-12). 1)  It is a place where they'll kill you and will take your wife (Gen 12:10-12) (First mention - negative), 2)  It is a place where they'll make you into slaves (Ex 1:11-14), 3)  It is a place that God, himself, calls "the house of bondage." But first of all, just to bring together in your minds some of the information which I have given to you at various times but perhaps hasn't really sort of come together in 3)  The result was, that his heart was turned away from God (I Kings 11:3,4), he began worshipping other god's (I Kings 11:5-9) and God pronounced judgment on him (I Kings 11:9-43), 5. So here's the pertinent question.  What is the bible practice?  If God holds these opinions of Alexandria and Egypt, and he commands his people to not even buy horses from there, then how likely is it that he would want us to get a BIBLE from there?  Conversely, would he recommend a BIBLE from Antioch, where "the word of the Lord was published throughout all the region."? However, the earliest manuscripts that provide distinguishable readings date to about 200 AD (e.g. This caricature has some truth but is … The divisions were as follows: Alexandrian (used by the famous Christian intellectual Origen); Western (Latin translations); and Eastern (used by Antiochian and Constantinopolitan churches). It is the text type favored by textual critics and it is the basis for modern Bible translations. Question #38 QUESTION: The New King James Version is based on the Antiochian manuscripts. (Acts 13:49). Well, their own new Bible versions have stripped being holy as a requirement for helping to inspire AND preserve the Word of God. d.  Therefore, we will refer to the two lineages based on their origins: Antioch/Antiochian and Alexandria/Alexandrian. 4. Alexandrian Vs. Byzantine Manuscripts - posted in General Accordance Topics: Does Accordance have any resources discussing the differences of the Alexandrian and Byzantine manuscripts? In the 19th century, a push was made by the Vatican and some apostate Protestant scholars to declare that the perverted Roman Catholic manuscripts were superior to the God-honored preserved text. uncial manuscript of New Testament. You must chose between the Antiochan or the Alexandrian text. But the NKJV people give the MT great prominence, writing this inaccurate information in the footnotes. TEXT AND MANUSCRIPTS OF THE NEW TESTAMENT. The divisions were as follows: Alexandrian (used by the famous Christian intellectual Origen); Western (Latin translations); and Eastern (used by Antiochian and Constantinopolitan churches). Only a very few manuscripts fall into the Alexandrian text-type, and these manuscripts are known to have many serious problems. In this video, the Rev. I have previously established that God has preserved His Word, listing many Scriptures affirming this. Question #38. Every theology student used to know that before Ephesus and Chalcedon theology was torn between the ‘Antiochene’ approach which divided the two natures of Christ and read Scripture realistically, and the Christology of the Alexandrians which united the natures in the person of the Logos but tended to diminish the humanity. Surely they would demand that they must be holy. While the Christian intellectuals of Alexandria emphasized the allegorical interpretation of Scriptures and tended toward a christology that emphasized the union of the human and the divine, those in Antioch held to a more literal and occasionally typological exegesis and a christology that emphasized the distinction between the human and the divine in the person of … There are two major text-types, the Byzantine/Antiochian/Majority/Universal text-type and the Alexandrian text-type. 1)  It is a place - the only hometown mentioned - from which a man of honest report, full of the Holy Ghost and wisdom came, and was appointed over church business (Acts 6:3-5) (First mention - positive), [Note also that the first appearance of Antioch and Alexandria occur in the same book of the bible and in the same chapter, as if God is highlighting the two options we have from which to choose.  (coincidence? EXPLANATION: The New King James Version is to the English Bible what the Alexandrian manuscripts are to Greek. However, the earliest manuscripts that provide distinguishable readings date to about 200 AD (e.g. b.  What does God think of Alexandria?  There are only four occurrences; these are all of them: 1)  It is a place where people disputed with and killed the first Christian martyr, Stephen (Act 6:9) (First mention - negative), 2)  It is a place where bad bible teaching comes from.  Apollos was learned in the scriptures but was unsaved (knowing only the baptism of John).  Aquilla and Priscilla explained the gospel - that Jesus was the Christ - and Apollos corrected his theology.  (Acts 18:24), 3)  It is a place that leads people to bondage and death.  Our champion, the Apostle Paul, was taken to be executed in Rome (of all places - Home of the Harlot) by a ship from Alexandria.  (Acts 27:6), 4)  It is a place, God emphasizes, that leads to bondage and death.  Our champion, the Apostle Paul, after surviving a shipwreck and a snake bite, is taken to be executed in Rome, by another ship from (once again) Alexandria. The earliest forms of the Syriac are also either Western or Alexandrian. The opposition between theologians centered in Antioch and those centered in Alexandria, both in their ways of interpreting Scripture and in their understandings of Christ’s person, is well known, if often somewhat exaggerated by modern scholars. BiblicalTraining.org | Today I want to talk about the theological traditions associated with Alexandria and Antioch. Manuscripts in Alexandria were corrupt by 200 AD. But first of all, just to bring together in your minds some of the information which I have given to you at various times but perhaps hasn't really sort of come together in A, Codex Alexandrinus, is an early-5th-century manuscript containing most of the New Testament but with lacunae (gaps) in Matthew, John, and II Corinthians, plus the inclusion of the extracanonical I and II Clement. Here is a brief overview. The School of Alexandria Alexandria became a famous centre of Christian thought especially in the 2 nd and 3rd centuries, especially, because of the catechetical school under Clement, Origen, Athanasius and Cyril. A corruption of a pure text by men who hold the deplorable doctrine that the Bible cannot be … Most Bible critics do not believe that the Bible is perfect (The Alexandrian Ideology). Box 88011, Grand Rapids, MI 49518 USA, http://www.mag-net.com/%7Emaranath/OLDBEST.HTM, Characteristics of the Selfish, Self-centered, Self-life. As for the pure, preserved, inerrant Word of God, it of course was nowhere to be found, since it was perfect only in the “original manuscripts” which are long vanished. What kind of preservation is this? After being lost for 1600 years, God’s word had finally been found!!

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